Water damage under house crawl space can be unnoticeable and undetected for days, weeks, months or even after a year. However, when water accumulates under a house, it can cause bad odor. It is recommended to have your home inspected once a year.
Unnoticed burst water pipes may lead to flood which can cause damage to your crawl space foundation sub-floor and wooden joists which may lead to aftermaths such as mold growth and dry rot.
We serve all Los angeles areas and surround cities.
Carpet manufacturers recommend a hot water extraction cleaning, knows as (steam cleaning) every year, if there is a heavy traffic every six months or when carpet needs cleaning.
Visit this website to find out the best way to keep your carpet under warraty with a professional carpet cleaning :
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Residential, water damage restoration, No one is expecting a water damage, flood to your home or business, potable water pipes burst can cause severe damage to your property structure even you have a small water damage can cause damage too, it is recomended to have a professional water damage restoration company.
1 Restoration will check all affected area and beyond, water can travel to the hidden lowest areas and can be unnoticable, moisture detection instruments play importan roll on structure drying.
Water pipes not only burst inside walls a pin hole can create a spray and can be also unnotisable causing damage to your structure walls ceilings attics or under crawl space.
Water leak can be happening for days or even weeks until water you notice carpet or your hardwood floor is wet and buckleing or water is coming out a crawl space hole an odor inside your home or business comming from under structures. We offer a free inspection call now at 310 328-6065.
We serve the South Bay area and all cities of Los Angeles county.
Water damage restoration guide and techniques.
Water damage can cause severe damage to your property structure, dryrot and mold the recomendation after water damage occur in a building is to act fast and not wait.
First to remove the source by extracting water as much as possible removing the wet pad or carpet underlayment( caution not to rip or tear carpet, be carfull with sharp nails wooden strips that may be rust it due of water) , move any furniture away from the affected area by placing a foil under wet tables chairs legs. for heavy furniture set on blocks can be 2 by 4s we recomend to hire a professional movers . to dry any affected structure set up a moisture barrier this will help the drying equipment air movers (fans) and dehumidifiers will work only in the affected area, for example if a room 25 x 15 and got water only half area.
set up the a plastic sheeting half and contain only the affected area not the entire room.
this tips is to help the initial drying process only, 1st Restoration highly recomend to use a professional water damage restoration company.
To make sure tha any affected structure reach the normal moisture it is recomended to use moisture detection equipment.
1st Restoration use professional moisture detection instruments onlycall us at 310 328-6065
We use low ampearge air movers (fans) and dehumidifiers and monitor on daily bases until reach the normal moisture content. 1st Restoration will bill insurance direct and we work with most insurance companies, we do free inspection and our technicians are honest and freindly.
We serve in the city of Torrance and also all Los Angeles areas.
The tips and techniques presented in this section will help you clean up your mold problem. Professional cleaners or remediators may use methods not covered in this publication. Please note that mold may cause staining and cosmetic damage. It may not be possible to clean an item so that its original appearance is restored.
Places that are often or always damp can be hard to maintain completely free of mold. If there’s some mold in the shower or elsewhere in the bathroom that seems to reappear, increasing ventilation (running a fan or opening a window) and cleaning more frequently will usually prevent mold from recurring, or at least keep the mold to a minimum
We serve all Los Angeles and based in the city of Torrance.
If you or someone in your office has allergies or asthma, carpet cleaning helps to drastically reduce the dust and dander that is trapped within your carpets and contributes to these respiratory problems.
It is necessary to have the carpets in your office cleaned every 12 to 18 months in order to keep the dust and dander at an acceptably low level within your office.
The best thing that you can do for your office is to augment between the professional carpet cleaning with frequent vacumming of your carpeting, as this will help to reduce the amount of dust that collects in your carpets. A good quality vacuum with a hepa filter and a rotating beater bar is the best method to accomplish this.
In addition to removing the dust and dander that accumulates in carpeting, professional steam cleaning also helps to kill dust mites and their fecal castings that are left behind, which also contribute to breathing difficulties for people with asthma. Also, professional steam cleaning helps to remove the sticky soils that accumulate on the carpets over time, as well as any spots and stains that may have appeared since the last time that you cleaned the carpeting.
Carpet cleaning is part of the on-going maintenance of a office environment that is necessary to keep the office in a clean and sanitized state for the people living within the office.
1st Restoration serve all the city of Torrance
and surround cities.
The Do’s and Don’ts if you have a water damage at your home or business:
shut off or turn off your main water shut off valve usually is locate in the front or the side of your house, have a professional plumber fix your leaking pipe.
Call a professional water damage restoration company immediately for help! Damage from water and bacteria growth can begin within just a few hours.
Remove as much water as possible from floors by mopping or blotting with clean white towels.
Turn off circuit breakers supplying electricity to wet areas if appropriate. Unplug and remove any small electrical devices located on wet carpet or other wet surfaces.
Remove wet area rugs or other floor coverings that are not attached. Do not remove wall-to-wall carpet.
Hang draperies and pin up furniture skirts to prevent contact with wet carpet.
Wipe furniture and prop up wet cushions for even drying.
Place aluminum foil under legs of wood furniture (especially antiques).
Remove small furniture items to prevent rust or stains and to expedite restoration.
Remove books, shoes, paper goods, fabrics, potted plants and other items that may stain the carpet (be sure to check under the beds and in closets).
Move photos, paintings, art and any high-value items to a safe, dry location.
Open drawers and closet and cabinet doors to speed the drying process.
Make plans for a restoration crew to move large furniture items onto dry carpet, linoleum, garage or storage area.
Don’t use your home vacuum because electrical shock may result as well as damage to the vacuum.
Don’t turn on your TV’s or other appliances on wet carpet or floors.
Don’t place newspaper in the traffic areas because the ink transfers easily.
Don’t walk on wet carpet more than necessary in order to keep from spreading damage.
Don’t activate the HVAC system if it has been directly contacted by the water or it may spread contamination.
Don’t disturb visible mold.
We serve all Los Angeles areas.
Read full article: http://www.poison.org/current/indoor%20mold.htm
Mold is a non-scientific term for many types of fungi – unwanted, unappealing patches of black, brown, yellow, pink, green, smelly, fuzzy growths. Countless species of mold are found both indoors and outdoors.
“Mold” and “fungus” have many connotations, most of them unpleasant: musty odors, damp basements, moldy carpets, water leaks, soggy drywall, athlete’s foot, and poisonous mushrooms, among others. On the positive side, molds are also responsible for penicillin and blue cheese; yeasts are fungi (plural of fungus) used to make bread, beer, and wine; and some types of mushrooms are considered edible delicacies. And without fungi to break them down, the world would be buried in leaves, trees, grass, and garbage.
Although mold and its spores are literally everywhere, active mold growth requires moisture. Whether on visible surfaces or hiding behind drywall, in attics, or under carpets, indoor mold grows in the presence of excessive dampness or water. Also found in damp indoor environments are:
Indoor mold may be unsightly and smelly, but the potential problems are more serious than that. By definition, actively-growing mold damages the material it lives on, thereby impairing structural integrity. In addition, mold is associated with some untoward health effects in humans, including allergies and infections. (Some health effects attributed to mold may in fact be caused by bacteria, dust mites, etc., found in mold-colonized environments. So-called “toxic mold” has been claimed as the cause of “toxic mold disease”; this syndrome remains undefined and “toxic mold” as a cause remains unproven. “Toxic mold” is also unproven as a cause of the various symptoms associated with “sick building syndrome”.)
Mold growth in homes, schools, and businesses should be eliminated for the sake of human health, structural integrity, and quality of life. Cleaning up small amounts of mold can be done by homeowners. Eliminating mold from large areas requires expertise and protection both for the removal specialists and occupants of the affected space.
Fungi comprise a vast world of organisms, perhaps as many as 300,000 species. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency defines funguses, or fungi, as “types of plants that have no leaves, flowers or roots”. Fungi include such seemingly unrelated substances as poisonous and non-poisonous mushrooms; organisms that can cause athlete’s foot, fingernail infections, and some types of pneumonia; molds found in cheese, peanut butter, mulch, hay, grains, and spoiled foods; and the black material growing in bathroom grout.
Fungi reproduce by means of spores which are spread through the air but land and survive on surfaces. Many spores can remain dormant for long periods under dry conditions, but typically develop into fungi in the presence of moisture.
Outdoors, fungi break down organic matter, including leaves, grass clippings, and dead trees. The fungi themselves constitute a large mass of material with many types of spores. These spores vary with the material on which they are found, the season, and the weather. At any given time, the same types of spores are found indoors because they enter through doors and windows and on clothing and shoes.
Molds are fungi. Homes and structures often provide many opportunities for mold spores to grow, even in the absence of frank water leaks: seepage through foundation walls and cellar floors, dehumidifiers and air conditioners, window condensation, defective plumbing, damp bathrooms, air filters, and potted plants.4 Different types of mold spores thrive on different surfaces; for example, the “yellow slime” found on hardwood mulch won’t be found growing in a tiled bath enclosure.
Common indoor mold species include Aspergillus, Alternaria, Acremonium, Cladosporum, Dreschslera, Epicoccum, Penicillium, Stachybotrys, and Trichoderma.2 Specific types of molds can be tested for and identified. This allows comparison of indoor and outdoor mold species at a given location and time. If the two don’t correlate, at least roughly, it is possible that indoor mold colonies have developed. Even if they’re not in a visible location, such molds can release spores and other material into the indoor air.
The presence of molds or mold metabolites does not necessarily correlate with human illness, though. Tests identify the presence of these substances at a moment in time, and not necessarily the time frame in which individuals are exposed and illness develops. Also, the presence of these substances does not necessarily mean exposure: the fact that they are present doesn’t necessarily mean they were inhaled.
Note that identification of specific mold spores is not necessary when cleaning up indoor mold colonies. It may or may not be useful when treating health effects of mold exposure, depending on the circumstances. In any case, the role of testing for indoor mold is undefined, because as yet there are no standards for interpreting these tests.
Health effects associated with exposure to indoor damp spaces and mold
Molds and other fungi grow easily in damp indoor environments. People who spend time in such environments sometimes complain of respiratory effects, headaches, and other physical symptoms. In addition to visible or hidden mold, damp spaces likely harbor mold break-down products, dust mites, bacteria, and chemicals, gasses, and particulate matter released from the materials on which molds are growing. Given the difficulties in testing for all of these elements, hard evidence of precise cause-and-effect can be elusive.
In an extensive 2004 report, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) did not find enough evidence to identify health effects which were definitely caused by spending time in damp indoor spaces. However, the experts found that being in damp indoor spaces seemed related to respiratory illnesses: nose and throat [upper respiratory] symptoms, cough, wheeze, and asthma symptoms. They also found limited evidence that these environments can be associated with shortness of breath, the development of asthma in people who did not previously suffer from it, and lower respiratory symptoms (coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath) in healthy children. Based on available research, IOM was not able to substantiate claims of numerous other symptoms such as skin irritations, fatigue, cancer, lung disease, or respiratory infections. There was enough evidence of health effects overall, though, that IOM identified damp indoor spaces as a public health problem that needs to be addressed.7
Publications in 2007, 2010, and 2011 did not substantially change those findings. They reiterate that there is evidence to support an association between damp spaces, indoor mold, and respiratory illnesses. Therefore, whether the precise cause is mold or an accompanying indoor contaminant, spending time in places damp enough to support the growth of mold is a potential cause of ill health. Whether or not mold is actually seen, finding and fixing the sources of excess moisture are important for health and to keep the structure from being further damaged. Researchers note that, if dampness and mold could be confirmed as a cause of ill health, controlling these conditions would make a substantial contribution to public health.
However, some authors state definitively that mold exposure is capable of causing illness in humans. For example:
Bush and colleagues summarize three mechanisms: harmful immune responses, e.g. allergies or the uncommon occurrence of hypersensitivity pneumonitis; infections; and irritation from mold by-products.
Some authors discount the role of mold in irritant responses but add toxicity to the list of acknowledged responses to mold exposure.
Yet others include all four mechanisms as possible causes of adverse health effects.
Terr describes four known types of allergy caused by inhaling mold spores, including asthma and a type of sinusitis.
Fisk and colleagues reviewed thirty-three studies to assess the risk of health effects in individuals who spent time in damp, moldy environments. Subjects were adults and children. They found that upper respiratory tract symptoms, cough, wheeze, and asthma were more frequent in people who spent time in damp spaces.
In a review of studies of children from ten countries, aged six to twelve, Antova and colleagues found that mold in the household correlated with a variety of respiratory disorders, including wheezing, coughing at night, and allergic symptoms and hay fever.
Park and colleagues reported an increase in new-onset asthma among employees working in a water-damaged office building. There was a correlation between the onset of asthma and mold levels in the building’s dust.
Karvonen and colleagues studied a group of 396 children for the first eighteen months of life and found that wheezing was more common in children whose homes had moisture damage in the kitchen and visible mold in the primary living areas. Different findings were published by Dales and colleagues. They studied a group of 357 children for the first two years of life and found no correlation between respiratory illness and mold.
Many of the above authors stated the need for standardized assessments of environmental mold coupled with clinical evaluation of the patients in question, including diagnosis of illness (particularly allergy and asthma) based on objective findings. In 2011, Reponen and colleagues published a study of 176 children followed from birth through age seven. A research tool developed and being evaluated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)16 was used to assess the children’s homes. The children themselves were evaluated for the presence of asthma at age one and again at age seven. It was found that children who lived in homes with higher levels of mold at age one were more likely than other children to have asthma by the age of seven. (Other risk factors for asthma included living without air conditioning and having a parent with asthma.) This still does not prove that molds cause asthma, but it does provide evidence that reducing the amount of mold in infants’ homes is a useful strategy to pursue.
As suggested above, there are hundreds of studies reaching a variety of conclusions. It can be difficult or impossible to assess all types of molds, spores, fungal fragments, chemicals from destruction of mold-colonized materials and second-hand smoke, and other airborne matter indoors at any given time. Though numerous studies associate the presence of dampness and mold with respiratory allergies and asthma, it can be equally difficult or impossible to establish the presence of these substances as the definitive cause of illness in particular patients.
Even so, it is possible to assess and treat individuals who have symptoms of respiratory allergies and asthma. Khalili and colleagues emphasize that determining whether respiratory symptoms are related to mold exposure involves a process of elimination. Before mold is considered the likely cause of respiratory symptoms and infections, patients must be evaluated for the possible presence of pre-existing illness or the recent onset of an illness that happens to coincide with mold exposure. Once other possible causes of respiratory symptoms have been ruled out, patients can be assessed for the possibility of mold-induced illness.
In a lengthy document, Storey and colleagues identify three groups of patients to be assessed for mold exposure: those who present with symptoms often associated with wet spaces and mold; those whose symptoms occurred at the time of a presumed exposure to mold or damp spaces; and patients concerned about exposures to mold even though they have no symptoms.
In any case, a medical diagnosis is needed. For example, does the person have an allergy, asthma, or an infection? There are established methods for diagnosing these and many other conditions. Diagnosis is related to the disease process, not a specific trigger. For example, it is possible to test people for allergies to molds, but positive results do not necessarily correlate with symptoms. A sizeable percentage of the U.S. population will test positive for mold allergens but have no symptoms; estimates range from 3 percent to more than 90 percent.9 And, generally speaking, treatments will not differ if the cause is mold exposure versus other triggering conditions.
One issue is whether to undertake environmental assessments for the presence of mold or other airborne substances found in damp homes, schools, and workplaces. If someone does develop respiratory conditions in a given location only, an environmental assessment may be indicated if there are no other known triggers. These conditions include asthma (either newly diagnosed or worsening of existing asthma) the lung conditions called interstitial lung disease and hypersensitivity pneumonitis, sarcoidosis, and recurring cold-like symptoms, sinus infections, and hoarseness.
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is a lung disease sometimes called “farmer’s lung”, as it is associated with overwhelming exposure to fungi found in feed and grain. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis also has been associated with bird droppings in pigeon breeders and exposure to molds in homes and hot tubs.
If mold and related substances seem to be causing adverse health effects, removal from the damp place is a necessary part of prevention and treatment. Storey and colleagues provide several case studies of people who developed allergies, bronchitis, and asthma when spending time in damp spaces. Avoiding those places decreased symptoms and re-exposure caused symptoms to recur.2Unquestionably, removing people from those environments until dampness was controlled and mold removed was indicated in those cases, even if the precise cause of illness could not be determined.
Spending time in damp and moldy buildings seems to increase the risk of bronchitis and respiratory infections, but is not proven to do so. If it is a cause of these infections, bacteria or chemical emissions are likely to be responsible.
There are well-known fungal infections, but they are not typically a result of exposure to indoor molds. Examples include:
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Although Aspergillus is a fungus found indoors and outdoors, people who develop this condition usually suffer from asthma, cystic fibrosis, or immune deficiency. The illness is related to the anatomy of the lung, not exposure to indoor molds.
Athlete’s foot and thrush are among many fungal infections that are not related to the presence of indoor mold.
In the 1990’s, several children in Cleveland, OH, developed pulmonary hemorrhage (bleeding in the lungs). One of those children died. A preliminary study identified exposure to mold, particularly mycotoxins from Stachybotrys chartarum, as a possible cause of these illnesses. On further review, however, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) determined that the earlier analyses were in error and that the cause remained unknown. CDC also noted that a similar cluster of cases in Chicago was not associated with mold exposure and that pulmonary hemorrhage was not consistent with what is known of exposure to this fungus.
The original publication about pulmonary hemorrhage fueled concerns and speculation about the health effects of Stachybotrys chartarum, or “black mold”. “Black mold” is indeed unsightly, but has not been identified as a cause of human illness.
“Toxic mold syndrome” is a legal construct, rather than a medical diagnosis, involving unidentified, disease processes, a constellation of disparate symptoms, and reports of illness uncorroborated by a physical examination of the patients or a professional examination of their surroundings. Although “black mold” or “toxic mold” has been identified in litigation as a cause of human illness, there is no established cluster of symptoms or physical findings associated with this alleged disease. There are neither diagnostic criteria nor any valid scientific publications establishing Stachybotrys or other molds as a cause of these diverse symptoms.
There are many practitioners who advertise themselves on web sites as experts in “treating” victims of “toxic mold disease”, an entity which does not exist. For large sums of money, they will advise on numerous supplements and restrictive diets to “extract” mold from people. Since mold is not retained within human organs, it is pointless to spend money on such processes.
The Environmental Protection Agency defines “sick building syndrome” as “situations in which building occupants experience acute health and comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a building, but no specific illness or cause can be identified”. Those effects might include headache, fatigue, and irritation of skin, eyes, or throat, among others. Most often, these symptoms are linked to indoor air quality problems when a building is insufficiently ventilated or maintained.
It is possible for mold to be an indoor air contaminant, for example in heating ducts or other areas where moisture can accumulate and stagnate. Any number of other contaminants may be responsible for symptoms, though; a lengthy list ranges from bacteria, to body odors, plumbing exhaust, copy machine fumes, cleaning agents, pesticides, bird droppings, carpeting, and furniture.
Mold spores are literally everywhere; controlling moisture is the key to preventing their growth. Sources within homes, businesses, and schools include leaks through roofs, walls, and basements; condensation on windows and in bathrooms; standing water in drains, on floors, and in heating, cooling, and dehumidifying equipment; heating/cooling ducts; and wet floors and carpets. Preventing mold growth requires preventing leaks, removing standing water, venting areas prone to condensation (especially bathrooms and kitchens), and immediately drying or removing damp carpets and furniture. Mold-inhibiting paints can be used indoors, and air conditioners and dehumidifiers can be used in humid weather.
If mold is present or suspected, it is possible to assess the building for mold and mold spores. However, there are no nationwide standards for mold inspectors, testing methods, normal amounts of mold, or reporting formats. This makes it difficult to interpret test results and their potential implications.A process developed by EPA identifies DNA of some molds in indoor spaces, even if the mold is hidden; this testing method is being used experimentally.
If mold is clearly present, as determined by visual inspection or a reputable inspector, it should be removed because it can destroy the materials it grows on and is associated with human health problems. Small amounts of mold on hard surfaces can be removed with commercial mold and mildew removers, or with a solution of bleach and water (one cup bleach to one gallon water). Follow product instructions carefully to avoid breathing fumes, irritating skin, or splashing chemicals in the eyes.
Large amounts of mold require specialized removal techniques and personal protective equipment. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency described the necessary steps in a document entitled “Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings”. However, this document is applicable to mold removal in homes as well.
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Mold assessment and mold remediation are techniques used in occupational health: mold assessment is the process of identifying the location and extent of the mold hazard in a structure, and mold remediation is the process of removal and/or cleanup of mold from an indoor environment.
Molds are ubiquitous in nature, and mold spores are a common component of household and workplace dust. However, when spores are present in large quantities, they are a health hazard to humans, potentially causing allergic reactions and respiratory problems.
Some molds also produce mycotoxins that can pose serious health risks to humans and animals. The term “toxic mold” refers to molds that produce mycotoxins, such as Stachybotrys chartarum, not to all molds.Exposure to high levels of mycotoxins can lead to neurological problems and in some cases death. Prolonged exposure, e.g., daily workplace exposure, can be particularly harmful.
Molds are found everywhere inside and outside, and can grow on almost any substance when moisture is present. Molds reproduce by spores, which can be carried by air currents. When these spores land on a moist surface that is suitable for life, they begin to grow. Mold is normally found indoors at levels that do not affect most healthy individuals.
Because common building materials are capable of sustaining mold growth, and mold spores are ubiquitous, mold growth in an indoor environment is typically related to water or moisture indoors. Mold growth may also be caused by incomplete drying of flooring materials such as concrete. Flooding, leaky roofs, building maintenance problems, or indoor plumbing problems can lead to mold growth inside.
For significant mold growth to occur, there must be a source of water (which could be invisible humidity), a source of food, and a substrate capable of sustaining growth. Common building materials, such as plywood, drywall, furring strips, carpets, and carpet padding are food for molds. In carpet, invisible dust and cellulose are the food sources (see also dust mites). After a single incident of water damage occurs in a building, molds grow inside walls and then become dormant until a subsequent incident of high humidity; this illustrates how mold can appear to be a sudden problem, long after a previous flood or water incident that did not produce such a problem. The right conditions reactivate mold. Studies also show that mycotoxin levels are perceptibly higher in buildings that have once had a water incident (source: CMHC).
The first step in an assessment is to determine if mold is present. This is done by visually examining the premises. If mold is growing and visible this helps determine the level of remediation that is necessary. If mold is actively growing and is visibly confirmed, sampling for specific species of mold is unnecessary.
These methods, considered non-intrusive, only detect visible and odor-causing molds. Sometimes more intrusive methods are needed to assess the level of mold contamination. This would include moving furniture, lifting and/or removing carpets, checking behind wallpaper or paneling, checking in ventilation duct work, opening and exposing wall cavities, etc.
Careful detailed visual inspection and recognition of moldy odors should be used to find problems needing correction. Efforts should focus on areas where there are signs of liquid moisture or water vapor (humidity) or where moisture problems are suspected. The investigation goals should be to locate indoor mold growth to determine how to correct the moisture problem and remove contamination safely and effectively.
The first step in solving an indoor mold problem is stopping the source of moisture. Next is to remove the mold growth. Common remedies for small occurrences of mold include:
There are many ways to prevent mold growth; see heating, ventilating, improved insulation and air conditioning, and dry fog. New technology allows some mold remediation companies to fill a room with a dry fog that kills mold and stops its growth. This fog uses a chemical that is EPA approved and does not harm or damage the physical well being of persons or animals. There are also cleaning companies that specialize in fabric restoration – a process by which mold and mold spores are removed from clothing to eliminate odor and prevent further mold growth and damage to the garments.
Improper methods for cleaning mold include exposure to high heat, dry air, sunlight (particularly UV light), ozone, and application of fungicides. These methods may render the mold non-viable, however, the mold and its by-products can still elicit negative health effects. As noted in following sections, the only proper way to clean mold is to use detergent solutions that physically remove mold. Many commercially available detergents marketed for mold clean-up also include an anti-fungal agent.
Significant mold growth may require professional mold remediation to remove the affected building materials and eradicate the source of excess moisture. In extreme cases of mold growth in buildings, it may be more cost-effective to condemn the building rather than clean the mold to safe levels.
The goal of remediation is to remove or clean contaminated materials in a way that prevents the emission of fungi and dust contaminated with fungi from leaving a work area and entering an occupied or non-abatement area, while protecting the health of workers performing the abatement.
Here are some water damage tips, will help you……